10 Poorly Governed Countries in Africa

  1. South Sudan

Country in North Africa


South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. The country gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011, making it the newest country with widespread recognition. Its capital and largest city is Juba.

President: Salva Kiir Mayardit

Capital: Juba

President: Salva Kiir Mayardit

Founded: July 9, 2011

Population: 12.58 million (2017) World Bank

2. Central African Republic

Country in Central Africa


The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west.

Capital: Bangui

President: Faustin-Archange Touadéra

Population: 4.659 million (2017) World Bank

Gross domestic product: 1.949 billion USD (2017) World Bank

3. Liberia

Country in West Africa


Liberia is a country in West Africa, bordering Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire. On the Atlantic coast, the capital city of Monrovia is home to the Liberia National Museum, with its exhibits on national culture and history. Around Monrovia are palm-lined beaches like Silver and CeCe. Along the coast, beach towns include the port of Buchanan, as well as laid-back Robertsport, known for its strong surf.

Capital: Monrovia

President: George Weah

Spoken and national languages: Liberian English

Population: 4.732 million (2017) World Bank

4. Guinea-Bissau

Country in West Africa


Guinea-Bissau is a tropical country on West Africa’s Atlantic coast that’s known for national parks and wildlife. The forested, sparsely populated Bijagós archipelago is a protected biosphere reserve. Its main island, Bubaque, forms part of the Orango Islands National Park, a habitat for saltwater hippos. On the mainland, the capital, Bissau, is a port with Portuguese colonial buildings in its old city center.

Capital: Bissau

President: José Mário Vaz

Recognised national languages: Upper Guinea Creole

Population: 1.861 million (2017) World Bank

5. Burundi

Country in East Africa


Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It is also considered part of Central Africa.

Capitals: Bujumbura, Gitega

President: Pierre Nkurunziza

Population: 10.86 million (2017) World Bank

Continent: Africa

6. Libya

Country in North Africa


Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.

Capital: Tripoli

President: Mohammed Yousef el-Magariaf

Population: 6.375 million (2017) World Bank

Currency: Libyan dinar

Official language: Arabic

Government: Parliamentary system, Parliamentary republic, Provisional government, Constitutional republic

7. Democratic Republic of the Congo

Country in Central Africa


The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as DR Congo, the DRC, Congo-Kinshasa, or simply the Congo, is the southernmost country located in Central Africa. It is sometimes referred to by its former name of Zaire, which was its official name between 1971 and 1997.

Capital: Kinshasa

President: Joseph Kabila

Population: 81.34 million (2017) World Bank

Continent: Africa

8. Equatorial Guinea

Country in Central Africa


Equatorial Guinea is a Central African country comprising the Rio Muni mainland and 5 volcanic offshore islands. Capital Malabo, on Bioko Island, has Spanish colonial architecture and is a hub for the country’s prosperous oil industry. Its Arena Blanca beach draws dry-season butterflies. The tropical forest of the mainland’s Monte Alen National Park is home to gorillas, chimpanzees and elephants.

Capital: Malabo

President: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo

Recognised regional languages: Fang; Bube; Combe; Pidgin English; Annobonese, Igbo

Currency: Central African CFA franc

Population: 1.268 million (2017) World Bank

9. Nigeria

Country in West Africa


Nigeria, an African country on the Gulf of Guinea, has many natural landmarks and wildlife reserves. Protected areas such as Cross River National Park and Yankari National Park have waterfalls, dense rainforest, savanna and rare primate habitats. One of the most recognizable sites is Zuma Rock, a 725m-tall monolith outside the capital of Abuja that’s pictured on the national currency.

Capital: Abuja

President: Muhammadu Buhari

Population: 190.9 million (2017) World Bank

Currency: Nigerian naira

10. Cameroon

Country in Central Africa


Cameroon, on the Gulf of Guinea, is a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife. Its inland capital, Yaoundé, and its biggest city, the seaport Douala, are transit points to ecotourism sites as well as beach resorts like Kribi – near the Chutes de la Lobé waterfalls, which plunge directly into the sea – and Limbe, where the Limbe Wildlife Centre houses rescued primates.

Capital: Yaoundé

President: Paul Biya

Population: 24.05 million (2017) World Bank

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