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Is Liberia melting in secret ‘agreements’ including its Senegal’s fishing pact?

MONROVIA, LIBERIA – In February 2019, it was nationally and internationally reported that Liberia allegedly secretly signed a fishing agreement with Senegal.  That Agreement would give Senegal and Senegalese fishermen and women to exploit Liberian waters.

Now, by law and commonsense, an ‘agreement’ is a negotiated and usually legally enforceable understanding between two or more legally competent parties. In other words, an agreement is any understanding or arrangement reached between two or more parties. A contract, on the other hand, is a specific type of agreement that, by its terms and elements, is legally binding and enforceable in a court of law.

Since the signing of that “Agreement,” the Ministry of Agriculture has been mute, and the Liberian legislature basically remains unaware if the “agreement’ was, in fact, a ‘contact.’  If it were, what is Liberia benefiting and what was exchanged in the short term.

Several international groups opposed the agreement or the idea of it, and so the Liberian government slowed its pace in the process.

The question now is: for the sake of “Open Government” and accountability and transparency Liberians and the world needs to know. 

Such an agreement has national and international implications because of environmental concerns.  This is why the London-based group Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF) issued the statement below:



Liberia has signed a five-year agreement that will grant fishing rights to 300 Senegalese fishing vessels in Liberian waters. If it is ratified by parliament, it risks endangering not only the livelihoods of fishing communities but the food security of an entire nation.

Over 33,000 people in Liberia rely directly on the fishing industry for employment. Not only that, but 65% of the animal protein in Liberia’s diet comes from the fishing sector. Fisheries are a crucial part of Liberians’ income, well-being, and survival.

The new agreement, which was signed on the 22 January, would allow 300 Senegalese fishing vessels to fish freely in Liberia’s waters, catching 40,000 tonnes of fish every year. As well as putting livelihoods and nutrition at risk, the consequent scarcity of fish also has the potential to create conflicts between local and foreign fishers.

Perhaps this would be reasonable if a rigorous stock assessment has been carried out, clearly showing that fish populations were robust and that a surplus of 40,000 tonnes was available. But while the Liberian authorities have said that the agreement was “supported by scientific data,” no further information on the methodology has yet been shared.

In 2017, Liberia was given a formal warning by the European Union for failing to control the fleet of vessels that fly its flag. The addition of hundreds of extra foreign vessels to Liberian waters not only increases pressure on local fish populations but also distracts from efforts to address the issues identified by the EU.

Although it still needs to be ratified by parliament, the planned agreement has generated public outcry. Some legal analysts have even pointed out that it may violate the Liberian Constitution, which stipulates that “the Republic shall manage the natural resources of Liberia to advance the general welfare of the Liberian people and the economic development of Liberia.”

The latest figures from the UN Food and Agriculture Organization found that 90% of Senegal’s fisheries are fully fished or facing collapse. With the rise of aquaculture around the world, companies have set their sights on West Africa as a new source of the fishmeal used as feed for farmed seafood.


In the past few years, numerous fishmeal factories have opened on the coats of Mauritania, Senegal, and The Gambia. But in the rush for sardinella fish – one of the main components of fishmeal – global business interests are taking a crucial part of West Africa’s diet from the people who need it the most. In Senegal, fishing provides 75% of the animal protein in the country’s diet, with sardinella stocks key to food security in the country and the wider region.

The Ministry of Agriculture should provide clarity on this issue and the Liberian people have a right to know!

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Blama G. Konuwah

Blama G. Konuwah resides in Vancouver, Canada. He is a public issues analyst and senior contributor to Globe Afrique.
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