The cause, effect and prevention of tuberculosis

Photo: demonstration of the effects of tuberculosis 

Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spread from person to person through microscopic droplets released into the air. This can happen when someone with the untreated, active form of tuberculosis coughs, speaks, sneezes, spits, laughs or sings. Although tuberculosis is contagious, it’s not easy to catch.

Where does the tuberculosis bacteria come from?

A: Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit, they propel the TB germs into the air.

How do you get tuberculosis disease?

The TB bacteria are put into the air when a person with TB disease coughs, sneezes speaks or sings. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected. There are two types of TB conditions: latent TB infection and TB disease. TB bacteria can live in the body without making you sick

What is tuberculosis and what does it do?

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person to person through the air. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, the kidneys, or the spine. A person with TB can die if they do not get treatment.

What is the cause and symptoms of tuberculosis?

A cough lasting 3 weeks or longer is a symptom of TB disease. People with latent TB infection do not have symptoms but may still need treatmentTB bacteria most commonly grow in the lungs and can cause symptoms such as: … Coughing up blood or sputum (mucus from deep inside the lungs)

Can tuberculosis kill you?

Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms, in which case it is known as latent tuberculosis. About 10% of latent infections progress to active disease which, if left untreated, kills about half of those infected.

Can the TB be completely cured?

This means that the person is cured of TB. However, TB bacteria die very slowly, and so the drugs must be taken for quite a few months. Even when a patient starts to feel better they can still have bacteria alive in their body. So, the person needs to keep taking the TB treatment until all the bacteria are dead

How long do you have to live with tuberculosis?

If you do not take the drugs correctly, the germs that are still alive may become difficult to treat with those drugs. It takes at least six months and possibly as long as one year to kill all the TB germs.

What happens if you have tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis (TB) develops when Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria are inhaled into the lungs. The infection usually stays in the lungs. But the bacteria can travel through the bloodstream to other parts of the body (extrapulmonary TB). … This stage is called latent TB, and most people never go beyond it.

What are the early signs of tuberculosis?

Signs and symptoms of active TB include:

Coughing that lasts three or more weeks.

Coughing up blood.

Chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing.

Unintentional weight loss.



Night Sweats.


Image result for photo of tuberculosis

What happens if you test positive for tuberculosis?

If you have a positive reaction to the TB test, the health district will schedule a chest x-ray. A test of the phlegm you cough up may be required after your X-rays are reviewed. If you have latent TB infection, you may need to take medicine to keep from developing active TB disease.

Is TB a deadly disease?

Tuberculosis has been plaguing humankind for thousands of years; it has been and still is one of the deadliest infectious diseases in the world. The illness tuberculosis, or TB, is an infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Can tuberculosis come back after treatment?

You might need more treatment if tests show there is still TB bacteria in your body, but most people will get the all-clear. Your treatment will not be stopped until you are cured. It is possible to catch TB more than once if you are unlucky enough to breathe in TB bacteria at another time.

How do you get rid of tuberculosis?

The only way to get rid of TB germs is by taking TB medicines. You will need to stay on TB medicine for 3, 6, or 9 months, depending on what your doctor thinks is best for you. Talk to your healthcare provider if your medicine is making you feel sick. Any medicine can cause side effects, including TB pills.

What not to eat in tuberculosis?

Don’t drink alcohol — it can add to the risk of liver damage from some of the drugs used to treat your TB. Limit refined products, like sugar, white bread, and white rice. Avoid high-fat, high-cholesterol red meat and instead load up on leaner protein sources like poultry, beans, tofu, and fish

How dangerous is tuberculosis?

In their active state, TB bacteria cause the death of tissue in the organs they infect. Active TB disease can be fatal if left untreated. Because the bacteria that cause tuberculosis are transmitted through the air, the disease can be contagious.

How many people have died due to tuberculosis?

It is the leading infectious cause of death worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that two billion people— one-third of the world’s population—are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes TB. Each year, 10.4 million falls ill from TB and 1.7 million died.

Is TB a sexually transmitted disease?

Tuberculosis and Sexually Transmitted Infections. … To the Editor: Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is necessary, but not sufficient, the cause of tuberculosis (TB). Infection with HIV is the strongest known risk factor for disease progression to TB.

How will you know if you have tuberculosis?

A cough lasting 3 weeks or longer is a symptom of TB disease. People with latent TB infection do not have symptoms but may still need treatment. TB bacteria most commonly grow in the lungs and can cause symptoms such as a bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer.

Can I get pregnant if I have TB?

TB is a matter of concern always in a woman’s obstetrics career- prior to conception, during pregnancy and in the nursing period. Tuberculosis of the genital tract is a known cause of infertility in women. … If a woman was to get pregnant and she has TB, the diagnosis will often get delayed.

Can you pass TB to your unborn child?

Treatment gets trickier during pregnancy, however, because some medications commonly used to treat tuberculosis infection can harm a developing fetus or a breastfeeding newborn. It’s perfectly safe for mothers-to-be to undergo a skin test for TB during pregnancy. … For mom, leaving the disease untreated could kill her.

How do you know if you have been exposed to TB?

You may have been exposed to TB if you spent time near someone with TB disease of the lungs or throat. You can only get infected by breathing in TB germs that a person coughs into the air.

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